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Glossary of Terms

Anaplastologist: specialist in the making of facial or somato (body/digital) prostheses


Artificial Eye: a plastic prosthesis used when an eye is surgically removed (enucleated). Also known as an ocular prosthesis


Auricular: of or pertaining to the outer ear


Conformer: clear plastic or silicone shell usually inserted after surgery to help form the socket and support the eyelids


Conjunctiva: mucous membrane that lines the eye socket and covers the implant


Cornea: clear covering on the eye


Cul-de-sacs: tissue pockets within the socket cavity


Digit: of or pertaining to a finger or toe


Enucleation: surgical removal of the eyeball, leaving the remaining orbital parts intact. Extraocular muscles are detached and typically reattached to an orbital implant or fat graft. An artificial eye is fit following this eye surgery


Evisceration: surgical removal of the inner eye contents, iris and cornea; leaving the sclera behind with the extraocular muscles still attached. Typically, an orbital implant is placed inside the sclera to replace lost eye volume. A scleral shell is fit following this eye surgery


Exenteration: surgical removal of the contents of the orbit (eye socket) including the eyeball, fat muscles and other adjacent structures of the eye. The eyelids may also be removed in cases of cutaneous (skin) cancers and unrelenting infection. An orbital prosthesis is typically recommended following this surgery


Extraocular Muscles: the six muscles that control eye movement


Implant: usually a spherical device placed in the socket at time of surgery to replace orbit volume after removal of the eye or its contents. Normally made of acrylic plastic, silicone, or bio-compatible material. Also called a ball or orbital implant


Iris: colored portion of the eye


Helix: the in-curve rim of the external ear


Monocular Vision: seeing with only one eye


Mucosa: mucous membranes


Nasal: of or pertaining to the nose


Nasopharynx: the nasal part of the pharynx; it is the uppermost part of the pharynx


Ocularist: specialist in the making of ocular (eye) prostheses


Orbital Prosthesis: including an ocular prosthesis, it artificially restores the eye, eyelids, and the adjacent hard and soft tissues, which have been lost as a result of radical surgery or traumatic event


Orbital with OcularProsthesis: artificial eye


Prosthesis: artificial substitute for a missing, disfigured, or malformed part of the face or body


Prosthetist: a person skilled in making or fitting prosthetic devices


Pupil: black spot in the iris, which opens into the interior of the eye


Sclera: white portion of the eye


Scleral Shell: flush fitting thin artificial eye usually fit over blind, malformed, or injured eye

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Precision Ocular Prosthetics | 2611 Westwood Dr, Suite A | Nashville, TN 37204-2709 | P: 615-361-0930 | Toll Free: 888-345-0930 | F: 615-467-7507